Hayfields, pastures, turf grass, vegetable, and small fruit crops
Erie and Niagara (2004)
Larvae (leatherjackets) feed on roots of hay, pastures, turf grass, sugar beets, turnips, carrots damaging growth of the plants
Larvae also emerge to feed on stems and grass blades on damp warm nights
Damage can also occur on golf greens from birds pecking out the larvae during the spring
The swede midge is a small, light brown fly. They begin to emerge in May, lasting until mid-June. The adult females lay about 100 eggs throughout their short lifetime of 1 to 4 days. The larvae hatch after 3 days, when they then begin to feed on plants.
Spotted wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii, is an insect pest of economically valuable small fruit and tree fruit crops. Known in Oregon and the Pacific Northwest since about 2009, this species now appears to be established in many fruit growing regions around the country. Growers and researchers are working together to implement effective pest control strategies.